Prevalence Study of Brucellosis in Iranian Military Forces during 2001-2009

Hosein Rostami, Ali Mehrabi Tavana, Hamid Reza Tavakoli, Mohsen Tutunchian

Abstract


Introduction: Brucellosis is an infectious zoonotic disease in humans and domestic animals, which has still remained as public health threat around the world. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of Brucellosis in Iranian military forces during 2001-2009.

Methods: In this cross sectional observational study, we collected and extracted data from various units of the armed forces in different province of Iran during 2001-2009. The data were arranged based on province and season. Results were analyzed by SPSS version 16.0, and descriptive statistical analysis.

Results: 1698 patients from 30 provinces of the Iran were studied. The mean of Prevalence was 29.83 in 100,000 which 55% of them were male. The most cases were significantly reported in spring season rather other seasons (p<0.01). Khorasan Razavi province had the highest prevalence in these years (81%). It also the most prevalence of Brucellosis was related to 2005 (32.94%).

Conclusion: This study indicated that, Brucellosis is still considered a dangerous infectious disease with a high percentage of the prevalence in the Iranian military forces. It is necessary to step toward eradicating and controlling of this disease by increasing intersectional cooperation among Ministry of Health and Medical Education, the Health Departments of Iranian military forces and Veterinary Organization and by raising public knowledge and attitude about this disease by conducting various educational plans.


Keywords


Prevalence, Brucellosis, Iranian Military Forces.

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