Effect of Light Spectrum and Intensity on Growth of Grape (Vitis vinifera) Under In Vitro Conditions

  • Farshad Fallah Agronomy and Plant Breeding Department, Razi University, Kermanshah,Iran
  • Danial Kahrizi Agronomy and Plant Breeding Department, Razi University, Kermanshah,Iran

Abstract

Grape (Vitis vinifera) is the most important garden crop all over the world.
Multiplication and breeding of most important garden and crop plants is based on the cell and tissue culture. Beside the medium composition, the incubation conditions also require to be optimized, too. Important factors in physical environmental of culture are including light, temperature and gas exchanging. The light plays a key role in the range of plant growth activation and is used as a source of energy in the photosynthesis process. Then it must be optimized for the most plant performance. In this study auxiliary buds of grape cv. Crimson Seedless have been grown in treatment of red (622-780 nm), blue (455-492 nm) and visible light (400-700 nm) with two intensity of 5000 and 2500 lux. The fastest growth of axillary bud is referred to the range of the red and visible light with 2500 lux (46.77 hour) and the most axillary bud growth was observed in the range of red light (65.77 mm). In the blue light the developed axis was the strongest. The rate of axillary bud photosynthesis in intensity 5000 lux (38.33 mm) achieved to the level of light saturation, and then dynamic light inhibitions )photoinhibition) and chronic were observed in this treatment

References

References
1. Ganji, E., Temperate zone pomology education and promote agriculture. Tehran Press, 2011.
2. Kahrizi, D., Arminian, A., Masumi-Asl, A., Second edition. In vitro Plant Breeding, 2011, Razi University Press.
3. Chawla, H.S., Introduction to plant biotechnology, Science-Press, 2002.
4. Bonga, J.M., Aderkas, P.V., In vitro culture of trees, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad Press, 2004.
5. Chee, R., In vitro culture of Vitis: the effect of light spectrum, manganese sulfate and potassium iodide on morphogenesis. Plant Cell Tissue Organ Cult, 1986, Vol, 7, pp. 121-134.
6. Mancinelli, A.L., interaction between crptochrome and phyto-chrome in higher plant photomorphogenesis, Amer J Bot, 1989, Vol. 76, pp. 143-154.
7. Pierik, R. L. M., In vitro culture of higher plants,Ferdowsi Uni-versity of Mashhad Press, 2004.
8. Kadkade, P. G., Jepson, H. Influence of light quality on organ-ogenesis from the embryo derived callus of douglas fir (Pseudotsugamenziesii). Plant Sci, 1987, Vol. 13, pp. 67-73
9. Green, J. F., Muir R.M., An analysis of the role of potassium in the growth effects of cytokines, light and abscisic acid on coty-ledon expansion. Physio Plant, 1979, Vol. 46, pp. 19-24.
10. Hart, J.W., Light and Plant Growth, Unwin Hyman London-Press. 1988.
11. Cheng, D.D., Zhang, Z.S., Sun, X.B., Zhao, M., Yusun, G., Chow, W.S. Photoinhibition and photoinhibition-like damage to the photosynthetic apparatus in tobacco leaves induced by pseu-domonas syringae pv. Tabaco under light and dark conditions. Plant Biol, 2016, Vol. 10, pp. 723-726.
12. Pallardy, S.G., Physiology of woody plants, Aigah Press, 2008.
13. Taiz, L., Zieger, E., Plant Physiology Jahad University of Mashhad Press, 2008.
14. Takahashi, S., Badger, M.R., Photoprotection in plants: a new light on photosystem II damage. Review. Trends in Plant Science, 2011, Vol. 16(1), pp. 141-143.
15. Huang, W., Yang, Y. J., Hu, H., Zhang, S.B., Moderate pho-toinhibition of photosystem II protects photosystem I from Photo-damage at chilling stress in Tobacco Leaves. Front Plant Sci, 2016, Vol. 7, pp. 182-184.
16. Smith, H., Sensing the light environment: The functions of the phytochrome family. Photomrphogenesis in plants, 1994, 2nd Ed.
17. Bortolin, R.C., Caregnato, F.F., Divan, A.M., Reginatto, F. H., Gelain, D.P., Moreira, J.C.F. Effects ochronicelevate dozone con-centration on the redoxstate and fruit yield of red pepper plant Capsicum baccatum. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. Vol. 100, 2014, pp. 114–121.
18. Chalupa, V., European hard woods. Cell and Tissue Culture in Forestry, Nijhoff Press, 1987, Vol. 3.
19. Düring, H., Photochemical and non-photochemical responses of glasshouse-grown grape to combined light and water stress, Grape Res. 1998, Vol. 37(1), pp. 1-4
Published
2017-06-03
How to Cite
FALLAH, Farshad; KAHRIZI, Danial. Effect of Light Spectrum and Intensity on Growth of Grape (Vitis vinifera) Under In Vitro Conditions. Journal of Applied Biotechnology Reports, [S.l.], v. 3, n. 4, p. 495-499, june 2017. ISSN 2423-5784. Available at: <http://journals.bmsu.ac.ir/jabr/index.php/jabr/article/view/141>. Date accessed: 21 aug. 2017.
Section
Original/Research Articles

Keywords

Light Spectrum, Grape, Photoinhibition, Non-photochemical Quenching Method

Most read articles by the same author(s)

Obs.: This plugin requires at least one statistics/report plugin to be enabled. If your statistics plugins provide more than one metric then please also select a main metric on the admin's site settings page and/or on the journal manager's settings pages.