Health Policies for Reducing Air Pollution in Iran

Ali Mehrabi-Tavana, Parisa Mehdizadeh

Abstract


Introduction: Regarding the increasing evidence on the detrimental effects of air pollution on human’s health and environment, it is necessary to identify ways to reduce these effects. The aim of this study was to provide effective solutions to control and decrease the effects of air pollution.  

Material and Methods: This study was in the form of narrative review. Documents were searched using the following key words: air pollution, adverse effects, environment, public health and solutions to control, in databases PubMed, Google scholar, Science Direct and SID in a given period of time. After collecting evidences and documents, the data were analyzed and alternative solutions were recommended.

Results: The results of the present study got categorized in five groups. At the end, solutions were recommended to policy makers about controlling air pollution and reducing the effects of it.

Conclusion: However, some studies have implied short and long-term effects of air pollution on human’s health. Supplementary investigations are needed to shed light on the direct and indirect effects of air pollution on people’s health and even on environments having a role in human ecology. Many required measures taken to decrease the level of air pollution need long- running commitments and plans. Some interventions are implementing in local or national levels, permanently or temporarily, in order to reduce exposure to air pollution. Definitely, the reduction in air pollution will decrease most of the diseases at the present time and also in the future. Hence, making decisions about public health policies now would be better than tomorrow.

 

Keywords: Air Pollution, Adverse Effects, Environment, Public Health


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